Hereditary Ectodermal Dysplasia – A Congenital Dental Birth Defect

Hereditary Ectodermal Dysplasia is a pathological birth defect, referring to a cellular dystrophy of the external layer of the tissues in an early embryonic development. In response, irregular teeth (anodontia) or missing teeth (hypodontia) are the rare congenital defects in addition to other inborn abnormalities such as irregular hair growth, protruding lips, reduced or missing glands, absent eyebrows etc. caused due to the damaged ectodermal derivatives.

A childhood oral problem of delayed outbreak of primary and permanent teeth can be more devastating even at the age of children & adolescence/adult. It is very evident that the dental problems keep inherited into one or more generations with absolutely no sex preference.

The fixed prosthesis replacement, dental implant, other required orthodontic & therapeutic treatments can well treat this congenital disorder!